OUR PERPETUAL CONTRACTS ARE NOT OFFERED TO PERSONS OR ENTITIES WHO RESIDE IN, ARE CITIZENS OF, ARE LOCATED IN, ARE INCORPORATED IN, OR HAVE A REGISTERED OFFICE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (COLLECTIVELY, “US PERSONS”). MOREOVER, NONE OF OUR OTHER SERVICES ARE OFFERED TO PERSONS OR ENTITIES WHO RESIDE IN, ARE CITIZENS OF, ARE LOCATED IN, ARE INCORPORATED IN, OR HAVE A REGISTERED OFFICE IN ANY RESTRICTED TERRITORY, AS DEFINED BELOW (ANY SUCH PERSON OR ENTITY FROM A RESTRICTED TERRITORY, A “RESTRICTED PERSON”). WE DO NOT MAKE EXCEPTIONS; THEREFORE, IF YOU ARE A US PERSON, THEN DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE OUR PERPETUAL CONTRACTS AND IF YOU ARE A RESTRICTED PERSON, THEN DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE ANY OF THE SERVICES, AS DEFINED BELOW. USE OF A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (“VPN”) TO CIRCUMVENT THE RESTRICTIONS SET FORTH HEREIN IS PROHIBITED.
Please read these Terms carefully, as these Terms govern your use of the Site and access to the order book; matching engine; smart contracts; decentralized applications; APIs; all other software that dYdX has developed for trading, borrowing, supplying, and swapping cryptocurrencies and other blockchain-based assets (collectively, “Digital Assets”), including, without limitation, entering into margin positions (“Margin Position”) and perpetual contracts (“Perpetual Contracts”) related to Digital Assets; and the computation and storage scalability service known as “StarkEx” (the “StarkEx Service”) (collectively, the “Services”). These Terms expressly cover your rights and obligations, and our disclaimers and limitations of legal liability, relating to your use of, and access to, the Site and the Services. By clicking “I agree” (or a similar language) to these Terms, acknowledging these Terms by other means, or otherwise accessing or using the Site or the Services, you accept and agree to be bound by and to comply with these Terms, including, without limitation, the mandatory arbitration provision in Section 15. If you do not agree to these Terms, then you must not access or use the Site or the Services.
Please carefully review the disclosures and disclaimers set forth in Section 12 in their entirety before using any software developed by dYdX. The information in Section 12 provides important details about the legal obligations associated with your use of the Services. By accessing or using the Site or the Services, you agree that dYdX does not provide execution, settlement, or clearing services of any kind and is not responsible for the execution, settlement, or clearing of transactions automated through the Services.
1. Modifications to these terms
We reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to modify these Terms from time to time. If we make changes, we will provide you with notice of such changes, such as by providing notice through the Services or updating the “Last Updated” date at the top of these Terms. Unless we state otherwise in our notice, all such modifications are effective immediately, and your continued use of the Site and the Services after we provide that notice will confirm your acceptance of the changes. If you do not agree to the amended Terms, then you must stop using the Site and the Services.
2. Use of Services
2.1 As a condition to accessing or using the Services or the Site, you represent and warrant to dYdX the following:
2.2 As a condition to accessing or using the Services or the Site, you acknowledge, understand, and agree to the following:
2.3 As a condition to accessing or using the Services or the Site, you covenant to dYdX the following:
3. Fees and price estimates
In connection with your use of the Services, you are required to pay all fees necessary for interacting with the Ethereum blockchain, including “gas” costs, as well as all other fees reflected on the Site at the time of your use of the Services. Although we attempt to provide accurate fee information, this information reflects our estimates of fees, which may vary from the actual fees paid to use the Services and interact with the Ethereum blockchain.
4. No professional advice or fiduciary duties
All information provided in connection with your access and use of the Site and the Services is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as professional advice. You should not take, or refrain from taking, any action based on any information contained on the Site or any other information that we make available at any time, including, without limitation, blog posts, articles, links to third-party content, discord content, news feeds, tutorials, tweets, and videos. Before you make any financial, legal, or other decisions involving the Services, you should seek independent professional advice from an individual who is licensed and qualified in the area for which such advice would be appropriate. The Terms are not intended to, and do not, create or impose any fiduciary duties on us. You further agree that the only duties and obligations that we owe you are those set out expressly in these Terms.
5. Prohibited Activity
You may not use the Services to engage in the categories of activity set forth below (“Prohibited Uses”). The specific activities set forth below are representative, but not exhaustive, of Prohibited Uses. If you are uncertain as to whether or not your use of the Services involves a Prohibited Use or have other questions about how these requirements apply to you, then please contact us at email@example.com. By using the Site or Services, you confirm that you will not use the Site or Services to do any of the following:
You hereby grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid-up, sublicensable, transferable, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, worldwide license to use, copy, modify, create derivative works of, display, perform, publish and distribute, in any form, medium, or manner, any content that is available to other users as a result of your use of the Site or the Services (collectively, “Your Content”), including, without limitation, for promoting dYdX, its affiliates, the Services or the Site. You represent and warrant that (a) you own Your Content or have the right to grant the rights and licenses in these Terms; and (b) Your Content and our use of Your Content, as licensed herein, does not and will not violate, misappropriate or infringe on any third party’s rights.
7. Proprietary Rights
7.1 The Site and the Services (excluding the StarkEx Service) are governed by the most recent version of the open-source license commonly known as the “Apache License 2.0,” a copy of which (as it applies to the Site and the Services) can be found at https://github.com/dydxprotocol/solo/blob/master/LICENSE (as of the date these Terms were last updated) and any other applicable licensing terms for the Site and the Services in these Terms (collectively, the “dYdX License”). You acknowledge that the Site or the Services may use, incorporate or link to certain open-source components and that your use of the Site or Services is subject to, and you will comply with any, applicable open-source licenses that govern any such open-source components (collectively, “Open-Source Licenses”). Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, you may not (a) resell, lease, lend, share, distribute, or otherwise permit any third party to use the Site or the Services; (b) use the Site or the Services for time-sharing or service bureau purposes; or (c) otherwise use the Site or the Services in a manner that violates the dYdX License or any other Open-Source Licenses.
7.2 Excluding the open-source software described in Section 7.1 or third-party software that the Site or the Services incorporates, as between you and dYdX, dYdX owns the Site and the Services, including all technology, content, and other materials used, displayed, or provided on the Site or in connection with the Services (including all intellectual property rights subsisting therein), and hereby grants you a limited, revocable, transferable, license to access and use those portions of the Site and the Services that are proprietary to dYdX.
7.3 Any of dYdX’s product or service names, logos, and other marks used on the Site or as a part of the Services, including dYdX's name and logo are trademarks owned by dYdX, its affiliates, or its applicable licensors. You may not copy, imitate, or use them without the prior written consent of dYdX or the applicable licensors, and these Terms do not grant you any rights in those trademarks. You may not remove, obscure, or alter any legal notices displayed in or along with the Services.
7.4 The Services are non-custodial. When you deposit Digital Assets into an account in any dYdX-developed smart contract, you retain control over those Digital Assets at all times. The private key associated with the Ethereum address from which you transfer Digital Assets and/or the private key associated with the StarkEx Service account (STARK key) is the only private key that can control the Digital Assets you transfer into the dYdX-developed smart contracts. In some cases, you may withdraw Digital Assets from any dYdX-developed smart contract only to the Ethereum address from which you deposited the Digital Assets.
The Services provide, or third parties may provide, links to other World Wide Web or accessible sites, applications, or resources. You acknowledge and agree that Company is not responsible for the availability of such external sites, applications or resources, and does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials on or available from such sites or resources. You further acknowledge and agree that Company shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods, or services available on or through any such site or resource.
9. Modification, Suspension, and Termination
We may, at our sole discretion, from time to time and with or without prior notice to you, modify, suspend or disable (temporarily or permanently) the Services, in whole or in part, for any reason whatsoever, including, without limitation, to only allow open Margin Position and Perpetual Contracts to be closed. Upon termination of your access, your right to use the Services will immediately cease. We will not be liable for any losses suffered by you resulting from any modification to any Services or from any modification, suspension, or termination, for any reason, of your access to all or any portion of the Site or the Services. The following sections of these Terms will survive any termination of your access to the Site or the Services, regardless of the reasons for its expiration or termination, in addition to any other provision which by law or by its nature should survive: Sections 7 through 17.
10.1 By utilizing the Services or interacting with the Site in any way, you represent and warrant that you understand the inherent risks associated with cryptographic systems and blockchain-based networks; Digital Assets, including the usage and intricacies of native Digital Assets, like ether (ETH); smart contract-based tokens, such as those that follow the Ethereum Token Standard; and systems that interact with blockchain-based networks. dYdX does not own or control any of the underlying software through which blockchain networks are formed. In general, the software underlying blockchain networks, including the Ethereum blockchain, is open source, such that anyone can use, copy, modify, and distribute it. By using the Services, you acknowledge and agree (a) that dYdX is not responsible for the operation of the software and networks underlying the Services, (b) that there exists no guarantee of the functionality, security, or availability of that software and networks, and (c) that the underlying networks are subject to sudden changes in operating rules, such as those commonly referred to as “forks,” which may materially affect the Services. Blockchain networks use public/private key cryptography. You alone are responsible for securing your private key(s). We do not have access to your private key(s). Losing control of your private key(s) will permanently and irreversibly deny you access to Digital Assets on the Ethereum blockchain or other blockchain-based network. Neither dYdX nor any other person or entity will be able to retrieve or protect your Digital Assets. If your private key(s) are lost, then you will not be able to transfer your Digital Assets to any other blockchain address or wallet. If this occurs, then you will not be able to realize any value or utility from the Digital Assets that you may hold.
10.2 The Services and your Digital Assets could be impacted by one or more regulatory inquiries or regulatory actions, which could impede or limit the ability of dYdX to continue to make available its proprietary software and, thus, could impede or limit your ability to access or use the Services.
10.3 You acknowledge and understand that cryptography is a progressing field with advances in code cracking or other technical advancements, such as the development of quantum computers, which may present risks to Digital Assets and the Services, and could result in the theft or loss of your Digital Assets. To the extent possible, we intend to update dYdX-developed smart contracts related to the Services to account for any advances in cryptography and to incorporate additional security measures necessary to address risks presented from technological advancements, but that intention does not guarantee or otherwise ensure full security of the Services.
10.4 You understand that the Ethereum blockchain remains under development, which creates technological and security risks when using the Services in addition to uncertainty relating to Digital Assets and transactions therein. You acknowledge that the cost of transacting on the Ethereum blockchain is variable and may increase at any time causing impact to any activities taking place on the Ethereum blockchain, which may result in price fluctuations or increased costs when using the Services.
10.5 You acknowledge that the Services are subject to flaws and that you are solely responsible for evaluating any code provided by the Services or Site. This warning and others dYdX provides in these Terms in no way evidence or represent an on-going duty to alert you to all of the potential risks of utilizing the Services or accessing the Site.
10.6 Although we intend to provide accurate and timely information on the Site and during your use of the Services, the Site and other information available when using the Services may not always be entirely accurate, complete, or current and may also include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. To continue to provide you with as complete and accurate information as possible, information may be changed or updated from time to time without notice, including, without limitation, information regarding our policies. Accordingly, you should verify all information before relying on it, and all decisions based on information contained on the Site or as part of the Services are your sole responsibility. No representation is made as to the accuracy, completeness, or appropriateness for any particular purpose of any pricing information distributed via the Site or otherwise when using the Services. Prices and pricing information may be higher or lower than prices available on platforms providing similar services.
10.7 Any use or interaction with the Services requires a comprehensive understanding of applied cryptography and computer science to appreciate the inherent risks, including those listed above. You represent and warrant that you possess relevant knowledge and skills. Any reference to a type of Digital Asset on the Site or otherwise during the use of the Services does not indicate our approval or disapproval of the technology on which the Digital Asset relies, and should not be used as a substitute for your understanding of the risks specific to each type of Digital Asset.
10.8 Use of the Services, in particular for trading Digital Assets, borrowing or supplying Digital Assets, and entering into Margin Positions or Perpetual Contracts, may carry financial risk. Digital Assets, especially in connection with Margin Positions and Perpetual Contracts, are, by their nature, highly experimental, risky, and volatile. Transactions entered into in connection with the Services are irreversible, final and there are no refunds. You acknowledge and agree that you will access and use the Site and the Services at your own risk. The risk of loss in trading Digital Assets, especially entering into Margin Positions and Perpetual Contracts, can be substantial. You should, therefore, carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for you in light of your circumstances and financial resources. By using the Services, you represent and warrant that you have been, are, and will be solely responsible for making your independent appraisal and investigations into the risks of a given transaction and the underlying Digital Assets, including Margin Positions and Perpetual Contracts. You represent that you have sufficient knowledge, market sophistication, professional advice, and experience to make your evaluation of the merits and risks of any transaction conducted in connection with the Services or any Digital Asset. You accept all consequences of using the Services, including the risk that you may lose access to your Digital Assets indefinitely. All transaction decisions are made solely by you. Notwithstanding anything in these Terms, we accept no responsibility whatsoever for, and will in no circumstances be liable to you in connection with, your use of the Services for performing Digital Asset transactions, including entering into Margin Positions or Perpetual Contracts.
10.9 We must comply with Applicable Law, which may require us to, upon request by government agencies, take certain actions or provide information, which may not be in your best interests.
10.10 You understand that the StarkEx Service remains under development, which creates technological, trading, and other risks when using the Services. These risks include, among others, delays in trades, withdrawals, and deposits resulting from the servers of dYdX or the operator of the StarkEx Services being offline; an incorrect display of information on the Site in the case of server errors; or transactions using the Services being rolled back in the case of server errors. You acknowledge that these risks may have a material impact on your transactions using the Services, which may result in, among other things, failing to fulfill transactions at your desired price or at all.
10.11 You hereby assume, and agree that dYdX will have no responsibility or liability for, the risks set forth in this Section 10. You hereby irrevocably waive, release and discharge all claims, whether known or unknown to you, against dYdX, its affiliates, and their respective shareholders, members, directors, officers, employees, agents, and representatives, suppliers, and contractors related to any of the risks set forth in this Section 10.
You will defend, indemnify, and hold harmless dYdX, its affiliates, and its and its affiliates’ respective stockholders, members, directors, officers, managers, employees, attorneys, agents, representatives, suppliers, and contractors (collectively, “Indemnified Parties”) from any claim, demand, lawsuit, action, proceeding, investigation, liability, damage, loss, cost or expense, including without limitation reasonable attorneys’ fees, arising out of or relating to (a) your use of, or conduct in connection with, the Site or the Services (including, without limitation, the StarkEx Service); (b) Digital Assets associated with your Ethereum address; (c) any feedback or user content you provide to dYdX, if any, concerning the Site or the Services; (d) your violation of these Terms; or (e) your infringement or misappropriation of the rights of any other person or entity. If you are obligated to indemnify any Indemnified Party, dYdX (or, at its discretion, the applicable Indemnified Party) will have the right, in its sole discretion, to control any action or proceeding and to determine whether dYdX wishes to settle, and if so, on what terms, and you agree to corporate with dYdX in the defense.
12. Disclosures; Disclaimers
dYdX is a developer of open-source software. dYdX does not operate a Digital Asset or derivatives exchange platform or offer trade execution or clearing services and, therefore, has no oversight, involvement, or control concerning your transactions using the Services. All transactions between users of dYdX-developed open-source software are executed peer-to-peer directly between the users’ Ethereum addresses through a smart contract. You are responsible for complying with all Applicable Laws that govern your Margin Positions and Perpetual Contracts, including, but not limited to, the Commodity Exchange Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), the federal securities laws and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and all foreign Applicable Laws. For this reason, no US Person may enter into Perpetual Contracts using the Services and all US Persons must abide by the requirements concerning Margin Positions set forth below.
Under U.S. federal law, unless you are an “eligible contract participant” as defined in 7 U.S.C. § 1a(18), your Margin Positions must be settled within 28 days. Individuals who do not have more than $10 million invested on a discretionary basis (or $5 million if the transaction is to manage risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred) are not eligible contract participants and may not enter into Margin Positions using the dYdX open-source software that do not result in the actual delivery of Digital Assets within 28 days.
You understand that dYdX is not registered or licensed by the CFTC, SEC, or any financial regulatory authority. No financial regulatory authority has reviewed or approved the use of the dYdX-developed open-source software. The Site and the dYdX-developed open-source software do not constitute advice or a recommendation concerning any commodity, security, or other Digital Asset or instrument. dYdX is not acting as an investment adviser or commodity trading adviser to any person or entity.
You understand that Margin Positions entered into using the dYdX open-source software are commodity contracts. Margin Positions are not shares or any equivalent in any existing or future public or private company, corporation, or other entity in any jurisdiction.
dYdX does not own or control the underlying software protocols that are used in connection with Margin Positions or Perpetual Contracts. In general, the underlying protocols are open source and anyone can use, copy, modify, and distribute them. dYdX is not responsible for the operation of the underlying protocols, and dYdX makes no guarantee of their functionality, security, or availability.
To the maximum extent permitted under Applicable Law, the Site and the Services (and any of their content or functionality) provided by or on behalf of us are provided on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis, and we expressly disclaim, and you hereby waive, any representations, conditions or warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, legal, statutory or otherwise, or arising from statute, otherwise in law, course of dealing, or usage of trade, including, without limitation, the implied or legal warranties and conditions of merchantability, merchantable quality, quality or fitness for a particular purpose, title, security, availability, reliability, accuracy, quiet enjoyment and non-infringement of third party rights. Without limiting the foregoing, we do not represent or warrant that the Site or the Services (including any data relating thereto) will be uninterrupted, available at any particular time, or error-free. Further, we do not warrant that errors in the Site or the Service are correctable or will be correctable.
You acknowledge that your data on the Site may become irretrievably lost or corrupted or temporarily unavailable due to a variety of causes, and agree that, to the maximum extent permitted under Applicable Law, we will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by denial-of-service attacks, software failures, viruses or other technologically harmful materials (including those which may infect your computer equipment), protocol changes by third-party providers, Internet outages, force majeure events or other disasters, scheduled or unscheduled maintenance, or other causes either within or outside our control.
The disclaimer of implied warranties contained herein may not apply if and to the extent such warranties cannot be excluded or limited under the Applicable Law of the jurisdiction in which you reside.
13. Exclusion of Consequential and Related Claims
In no event shall dYdX, its affiliates, its suppliers and contractors, and its and its affiliates’, suppliers’ and contractors’ respective stockholders, members, directors, officers, managers, employees, attorneys, agents, representatives, suppliers, and contractors (collectively, the “Risk Limited Parties”) be liable for any incidental, indirect, special, punitive, consequential or similar damages or liabilities whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages for loss of fiat, assets, data, information, revenue, opportunities, use, goodwill, profits or other business or financial benefit) arising out of or in connection with the Site and the Services (and any of their content and functionality, including, without limitation, the StarkEx Service), any execution or settlement of a transaction, any performance or non-performance of the Services, your Digital Assets, Margin Positions, Perpetual Contracts or any other product, service or other item provided by or on behalf of dYdX, whether under contract, tort (including negligence), civil liability, statute, strict liability, breach of warranties, or under any other theory of liability, and whether or not we have been advised of, knew of or should have known of the possibility of such damages and notwithstanding any failure of the essential purpose of these Terms or any limited remedy hereunder nor is dYdX in any way responsible for the execution or settlement of transactions between users of dYdX-developed open-source software.
14. Limitation of Liability
In no event shall dYdX’s aggregate liability (together with its affiliates, including its and its affiliates’ respective stockholders, members, directors, managers, officers, employees, attorneys, agents, representatives, suppliers, or contractors) arising out of or in connection with the Site and the Services (and any of their content and functionality), any performance or nonperformance of the Services, your Digital Assets, Margin Positions, Perpetual Contracts or any other product, service or other item provided by or on behalf of dYdX, whether under contract, tort (including negligence), civil liability, statute, strict liability or other theory of liability exceed the amount of fees paid by you to dYdX under these Terms, if any, in the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding the event giving rise to the claim for liability.
15. Dispute Resolution & Arbitration
Please read the following section carefully because it requires you to arbitrate certain disputes and claims with dYdX and limits how you can seek relief from dYdX. Also, arbitration precludes you from suing in court or having a jury trial.
You and dYdX agree that any dispute arising out of or related to these Terms or the Services is personal to you and dYdX and that any dispute will be resolved solely through individual action, and will not be brought as a class arbitration, class action, or any other type of representative proceeding.
Except for small claims disputes in which you or dYdX seeks to bring an individual action in small claims court located in the county of your billing address or disputes in which you or dYdX seeks injunctive or other equitable relief for the alleged unlawful use of intellectual property, you and dYdX waive your rights to a jury trial and to have any dispute arising out of or related to these Terms or the Services resolved in court. Instead, for any dispute or claim that you have against dYdX or relating in any way to the Services, you agree to first contact dYdX and attempt to resolve the claim informally by sending a written notice of your claim (“Notice”) to dYdX by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. The Notice must (a) include your name, residence address, email address, and telephone number; (b) describe the nature and basis of the claim; and (c) set forth the specific relief sought. Our notice to you will be similar in form to that described above. If you and dYdX cannot reach an agreement to resolve the claim within thirty (30) days after such Notice is received, then either party may submit the dispute to binding arbitration administered by JAMS or, under the limited circumstances set forth above, in court. All disputes submitted to JAMS will be resolved through confidential, binding arbitration before one arbitrator. Arbitration proceedings will be held in San Francisco, California, under the JAMS Streamlined Arbitration Rules and Procedures (“JAMS Rules”). The most recent version of the JAMS Rules are available on the JAMS website and are hereby incorporated by reference. You either acknowledge and agree that you have read and understand the JAMS Rules or waive your opportunity to read the JAMS Rules and waive any claim that the JAMS Rules are unfair or should not apply for any reason.
You and dYdX agree that these Terms affect interstate commerce and that the enforceability of this Section 12 will be substantively and procedurally governed by the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1, et seq. (the “FAA”), to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law. As limited by the FAA, these Terms and the JAMS Rules, the arbitrator will have exclusive authority to make all procedural and substantive decisions regarding any dispute and to grant any remedy that would otherwise be available in court, including the power to determine the question of arbitrability. The arbitrator may conduct only an individual arbitration and may not consolidate more than one individual’s claims, preside over any type of class or representative proceeding or preside over any proceeding involving more than one individual.
The arbitrator, dYdX, and you will maintain the confidentiality of any arbitration proceedings, judgments and awards, including, but not limited to, all information gathered, prepared, and presented for purposes of the arbitration or related to the dispute(s) therein. The arbitrator will have the authority to make appropriate rulings to safeguard confidentiality unless the law provides to the contrary. The duty of confidentiality does not apply to the extent that disclosure is necessary to prepare for or conduct the arbitration hearing on the merits, in connection with a court application for a preliminary remedy or in connection with a judicial challenge to an arbitration award or its enforcement, or to the extent that disclosure is otherwise required by law or judicial decision.
You and dYdX agree that for any arbitration you initiate, you will pay the filing fee and all other JAMS fees and costs. For any arbitration initiated by dYdX, dYdX will pay all JAMS fees and costs. You and dYdX agree that the state or federal courts of the State of California and the United States sitting in San Francisco, California have exclusive jurisdiction over the enforcement of an arbitration award.
Any claim arising out of or related to these Terms or the Services must be filed within one year after such claim arose; otherwise, the claim is permanently barred, which means that you and dYdX will not have the right to assert the claim.
If any portion of this Section 15 is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (a) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (b) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of this Section 15 or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis under this Section 15; and (c) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration. Further, if any part of this Section 15 is found to prohibit an individual claim seeking public injunctive relief, then that provision will have no effect to the extent such relief is allowed to be sought out of arbitration, and the remainder of this Section 15 will be enforceable.
16. Governing Law
The interpretation and enforcement of these Terms, and any dispute related to these Terms, the Site or the Services, will be governed by and construed and enforced under the laws of the State of California, as applicable, without regard to conflict of law rules or principles (whether of the State of California or any other jurisdiction) that would cause the application of the laws of any other jurisdiction. You agree that we may initiate a proceeding related to the enforcement or validity of our intellectual property rights in any court having jurisdiction. For any other proceeding that is not subject to arbitration under these Terms, the state and federal courts located in San Francisco, California will have exclusive jurisdiction. You waive any objection to venue in any such courts.
17. General Information
17.2 You consent to receive all communications, agreements, documents, receipts, notices, and disclosures electronically (collectively, our “Communications”) that we provide in connection with these Terms or any Services. You agree that we may provide our Communications to you by posting them on the Site or by emailing them to you at the email address you provide in connection with using the Services, if any. You should maintain copies of our Communications by printing a paper copy or saving an electronic copy. You may also contact us with questions, complaints, or claims concerning the Services at email@example.com.
17.3 Any right or remedy of dYdX set forth in these Terms is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other right or remedy whether described in these Terms, under Applicable Law, at law, or in equity. The failure or delay of dYdX in exercising any right, power, or privilege under these Terms shall not operate as a waiver thereof.
17.4 The invalidity or unenforceability of any of these Terms shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other of these Terms, all of which shall remain in full force and effect.
17.5 We will have no responsibility or liability for any failure or delay in performance of the Site or any of the Services, or any loss or damage that you may incur, due to any circumstance or event beyond our control, including without limitation any flood, extraordinary weather conditions, earthquake, or other act of God, fire, war, insurrection, riot, labor dispute, accident, action of government, communications, power failure, or equipment or software malfunction.
17.6 You may not assign or transfer any right to use the Site or the Services, or any of your rights or obligations under these Terms, without our express prior written consent, including by operation of law or in connection with any change of control. We may assign or transfer any or all of our rights or obligations under these Terms, in whole or in part, without notice or obtaining your consent or approval.
17.7 Headings of sections are for convenience only and shall not be used to limit or construe such sections.
17.8 These Terms contain the entire agreement between you and dYdX, and supersede all prior and contemporaneous understandings between the parties regarding the Site and the Services.
17.9 In the event of any conflict between these Terms and any other agreement you may have with us, these Terms will control unless the other agreement specifically identifies these Terms and declares that the other agreement supersedes these Terms.
17.10 You agree that, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, there shall be no third-party beneficiaries to the Agreement other than the Indemnified Parties.