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Curve logo

Curve

CRV

0.28

0.00

Market Cap

$327.804714M

24h Volume

$213.341M

Volume/Market Cap (24h)

65.08

Circulating Supply

1.190147B CRV

Total Supply

2.147249B CRV

Stablecoin Swap Central: Explaining Curve Finance in Crypto

In the often volatile crypto market, Curve Finance aims to stand out as a specialist in stability. Shortly after Curve's launch on the Ethereum (ETH) blockchain, it gained a reputation as a reliable decentralized exchange (DEX) for predictable peer-to-peer (P2P) token swaps. For crypto traders in decentralized finance (DeFi) who want to use or contribute to steady trading pools, Curve frequently ranks as a top choice among protocols. 

How does Curve Finance's DEX aim to be so "stable" compared with the competition? Learning the details of Curve's unique features is vital to understanding how it supports the DeFi ecosystem. 

Curve’s history

In 2019, software engineer Michael Egorov introduced the first iteration of the Curve DeFi platform with a white paper for the StableSwap protocol. Eventually, the idea of StableSwap morphed into a decentralized application (dApp) called "Curve Finance," which launched on Ethereum in early 2020. In its first few months, Curve solely focused on trading pairs with Ethereum-based stablecoins, including USD Coin (USDC), Dai (DAI), and Tether (USDT), helping provide the Curve protocol with its signature stability. Later that year, Curve introduced its native "CRV" cryptocurrency and a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) for onchain voting. 

Curve continues to build on its early success by offering more trading pools and integration with other blockchains. For example, following the "version 2" update in 2021, crypto traders on Curve can access tokens outside stablecoin pairs, including Ether coin and synthetic assets like wrapped Bitcoin (wBTC). Curve also continues to branch out from Ethereum, offering integrations with other chains such as Arbitrum (ARB), Avalanche (AVAX), and Polygon (MATIC). 

How does Curve Finance work? 

The Curve DEX uses a software model called "automated market maker" (AMM), which was first introduced on the Ethereum DEX Uniswap. In the AMM model, traders swap virtual assets P2P into their self-custodial crypto wallets from virtual vaults known as "liquidity pools." All cryptocurrencies available for swapping are held by a protocol's liquidity pools, and automated commands called "smart contracts" enable transfers and pool recalibrations using their pre-coded instructions. Curve allows crypto traders (or "liquidity providers") to deposit supported virtual assets into its liquidity pools in exchange for a portion of the DEX's trading fees. 

The critical difference separating Curve's AMM model from competitors is its focus on like-kind digital assets. In other words, Curve only allows liquidity providers to deposit pairs of cryptocurrencies with the same market price, including stablecoins and wrapped cryptocurrencies. Because these virtual assets are designed to maintain a 1:1 ratio on the crypto market, the risk of volatile price swings when executing trades is reduced, decreasing the likelihood of a mismatch between the quoted and closing price for a trade (aka price slippage). 

Curve FAQs

What is CRV?

CRV, Curve's DeFi token, is primarily used to vote on proposals for updates on the protocol's DAO. Aside from its role as a governance token, CRV is a part of Curve's reward mechanism for liquidity providers, giving traders more incentive to deposit funds in a liquidity pool. As a fungible crypto asset, the price per Curve coin has a 1:1 market value on Curve price charts.  

Why use Curve Finance? 

Curve's fundamental value proposition is its focus on providing low-slippage trades between stablecoins and wrapped tokens, which aims to ensure DeFi traders interested in these trading pairs enjoy the most attractive rates without intermediaries. 

The reliability of Curve's liquidity pools makes it an attractive option for liquidity providers interested in earning interest without exposing their portfolios to volatility or impermanent loss. Some traders called "arbitrageurs" also use Curve Finance's focus on stablecoins to exploit small fluctuations in these token pairs compared to other DeFi protocols or centralized exchanges (CEXs).

How do crypto traders use Curve? 

To swap or deposit assets on Curve, traders need a compatible self-custodial crypto wallet for their preferred blockchain (e.g., MetaMask for Ethereum). Next, they link their crypto wallet to Curve's dApp on Curve.fi and select the token pair or pool they're most interested in using. 

Disclosures

The content of this article (the “Article”) is provided for general informational purposes only. Reference to any specific strategy, technique, product, service, or entity does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation by dYdX Trading Inc., or any affiliate, agent, or representative thereof (“dYdX”). Use of strategies, techniques, products or services referenced in this Article may involve material risks, including the risk of financial losses arising from the volatility, operational loss, or nonconsensual liquidation of digital assets.  The content of this Article does not constitute, and should not be considered, construed, or relied upon as, financial advice, legal advice, tax advice, investment advice, or advice of any other nature; and the content of this Article is not an offer, solicitation or call to action to make any investment, or purchase any crypto asset, of any kind.  dYdX makes no representation, assurance or guarantee as to the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, suitability, or validity of any information in this Article or any third-party website that may be linked to it.  You are solely responsible for conducting independent research, performing due diligence, and/or seeking advice from a professional advisor prior to taking any financial, tax, legal, or investment action.

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